Washers are small fasteners often taken for granted or completely overlooked. This is unfortunate as they can offer a lot of advantages and security. If you invest a little time building your knowledge of washers, you can gain a lot of structural integrity in a tiny package.
Washers are multi-purpose fasteners, but they are most often used as spacing components beneath bolts or nuts. While the ordinary washers tend to be flat or round, there are many different types of specialty washers that are quite unique.
In the steel products manufacturing industry, standard flat washers are essential, but other types commonly in-demand include spring, fender, slotted, split, lock, toothed, and wave washers among many others.
To better understand and utilize the unique properties of different washers, let’s take a look at some of the most common.
Conical Or Bellville Washers
As the name suggests, these washers are cone-shaped. They are typically made from spring steel and provide varying degrees of deflection and shock absorption based on how they are arranged.
Fender washers are round and flat, but unlike standard washers, they feature a comparably wider outer diameter compared to their inner diameter. They gain their name as they are a common fixture on automotive fenders.
Wave washers feature a waved surface. They can provide flexible load distribution and help absorb vibration. The number of curves on their surface determine the degree of deflection they provide.
Star Or Toothed Washers
These washers may also be called tooth-lock washers. The serrated edges of the inner diameter increase grip around a fastener and enhance the hold on the surfaces being joined.
Why Washers Are Useful And Necessary
Since washers seem secondary compared to screws and bolts, they may not get much consideration from the average person, but industrial professionals and construction experts know better.
Washers deliver their own benefits and prevent a lot of problems in many different applications. These are just a few of the notable advantages they provide:
Increase Support: Using a washer ensures there is more support when joining components, which then prevents movement and wear. Bonding joints without a washer puts excess pressure on the bolt and nut or screw. This leads to increased wear and causes the loss of structural integrity at an accelerated rate. A simple washer integration is a reliable way to avoid such problems.
Distribute Pressure: Washers serve to evenly distribute force and allow for a smoother installation as surfaces are joined. Even when pressure or weight is placed upon the application over time, the load will be more evenly distributed to prevent fasteners from loosening and widening the holes where they are placed.
Act As A Seal: Plumbing washers are mostly used for the purpose of creating a watertight seal. Washers made from rubber, neoprene, and similar materials act as gaskets, preventing leaks and drips. These washers are readily available from a rubber washer supplier.
There are many other advantages to be gained from industrial washers, but you must carefully consider the specifics of your application in order to achieve the best possible performance. You don’t need to be an expert to carry this out; a little washer research and careful attention can make a big difference. And if you need to, simply get in touch with a dedicated washer manufacturer for helpful guidance on selecting the right washer.